Oxymetholone, commonly sold under the names Anadrol, Anavar, Anaterm, Actonel, Adorama and Desmodium is a non-steroidal anti-androgen (NSAID) drug that is used in the treatment of high blood pressure and also in acne and osteoporosis. It is also effective in weight loss and promoting growth of muscles in some cases. It is usually taken with prescription drugs for hypertension. The drug was approved by FDA in 1992 but its main function is still unknown.
Patients taking Anadrol as maintenance therapy must be monitored regularly. Patients with a history of hormone-related cancers such as breast or cervical cancer are advised against using Anadrol as a hormone replacement therapy (HRT) because these drugs may react with the anabolic steroids. Anadrol users should have regular mammograms, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans or bone densitometry to monitor the response of the therapy. Patients should avoid eating fatty foods and dairy products. Some patients may experience dizziness, chest pain, diarrhea, vomiting, stress, headaches, constipation, dry mouth, increased thirst and depression.
Some adverse reactions occurred in post-marketing observation, most commonly related to the gastrointestinal tract and liver. One case is observed in which an adult male died because of drowning in his swimming pool while using anadrol tablets. Another is reported where a male teenager died after consuming two bottles of anadrol tablets. In these cases, the cause of death was determined to be an electrolyte imbalance.
Patients should not take Anadrol if they have a history of hepatitis or cirrhosis because it can cause severe liver injury. Some of the other side effects that have been reported are joint pain and dysfunction, allergic skin rash, decreased urine output, altered vision, impotence and mania. It can also interact with certain medications such as aspirin, estrogen, oral contraceptives, niacin, corticosteroids, methadone and Viagra. Therefore, inform your doctor if you are taking any medications, including Anadrol.
Anadrol is contraindicated in patients with a history of liver disease, because the anadrol tablet can cause severe hepatitis if taken together with other drugs (steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, warfarin, alopecia areata or anthrallin). Patients with severe liver disease are required to stop taking Anadrol without consulting their doctor first. A patient who wishes to continue to use Anadrol is advised to discuss all aspects of the therapy with the doctor.
Patients who are on oral diuretics (hydrotonic), anti-platelet medications (coronary artery disease, anti-hypertensive medications), tricyclic anti-depressants (tricyclic antidepressants, nortriptyline), anti-cancer drugs (trucine, antipsychotic, anti-epileptic medications) and steroidal agents should not use Anadrol. In these cases, the dosage of Anadrol should be decreased or discontinued. Patients who need additional medications to manage chronic constipation, hemorrhoids or osteoarthritis, or who have orthopedic, neurological or respiratory problems, may consider the combined use of Anadrol and other medications that may diminish the severity of these conditions or increase their therapeutic effect.
Some conditions cannot be managed by dietary supplements. For example, AIDS patients require very high doses of anabolic androgenic steroid, therefore regular administration of Anadrol will be contraindicated. In addition, in some circumstances, the administration of this medication in high doses has been associated with serious side effects. If one or more of these rare side effects occur, the patient should contact a physician immediately and consult the guidance of an experienced medical consultant.
Anadrol should not be administered to children or pregnant women. It can cause birth defects in animals, if administered to them in high doses. Therefore, Anadrol should not be given to anyone in these circumstances. If pregnant, women who are having cystitis, nephrotoxic or breast cancer, patients diagnosed with malignancies, or patients undergoing treatment for iron deficiency anemia, should not use this medicine.