Testosterone is the most important male sex hormone, which is responsible for the development of male sexual characteristics like male sperm production and male reproductive organs like penis and testes. In male humans, testosterone also plays a crucial role in the development of secondary male sexual characteristics like the presence of penis and prostate and promoting the growth of body hair in men. The presence of this hormone also promotes the enlargement of breast tissue, which is mainly seen in men. However, despite these important functions, the levels of testosterone in men decrease with age.
Testosterone production in men declines because of a number of factors, some of which are related to lifestyle and diet. Testosterone concentrations drop after men undergo major events like weight loss, failure to achieve erection, removal of testes or other diseases affecting the pituitary gland. Testosterone deficiency can also be caused by immunological disorders, including thyroid problems, infections and chronic illnesses. It can also be due to abnormalities in the hypothalamus or pituitary glands, which adversely affect the production of testosterone. These circumstances reduce the sex drive and reduce a male’s ability to maintain healthy relationships.
Aging, too, causes the level of testosterone to decline, making older men susceptible to various health problems, including testicular and prostate cancer. A decline in testosterone levels may also result from decreased production of human growth hormone in men. Hormone treatments, like chemotherapy and testosterone implants, are commonly prescribed for hypogonadism. However, prolonged use of these hormonal drugs may have certain side effects, such as reduction of libido and decreased sperm count. Moreover, these medications may cause irreversible damage to the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, which are essential for reproduction. Thus, treatment of hypogonadism with synthetic hormones is often not effective.
In recent years, researchers have developed several methods of treating hypogonadism. Most of these techniques involve the use of local anesthetics to block the production of testosterone in testes. Although this type of treatment is usually effective, it can be quite dangerous because it blocks the production of testosterone by the testes, preventing the gland from producing the hormones that are essential for sexual function. Some of these side effects include heart enlargement, erectile dysfunction, depression, and increased risk of developing diabetes.
In recent years, researchers have discovered a novel way of increasing testosterone levels in the body without blocking the production of the pituitary gland. Testosterone supplementation, or testosterone replacement therapy, involves the administration of high doses of synthetic testosterone to men who experience low testosterone levels due to a variety of medical causes. The synthetic hormone provides positive therapeutic results, allowing men to resume normal sexual functions. However, men must be cautious about the risks associated with testosterone replacement therapy, especially if they are taking certain medications such as beta blockers, anticoagulants, or blood thinners. Some studies suggest that men who choose testosterone replacement therapy may increase their chances of developing cancer of the prostate and possibly diabetes.
If you experience low testosterone symptoms, the first thing you should do is visit your doctor. There are several tests that your doctor can conduct to determine the cause of your symptoms. He may perform a semen analysis to see if the semen contains higher levels of testosterone. Your doctor may also perform a skin biopsy to check for follicular fluid or bone samples to determine if the symptoms are caused by a deficiency of the hormone.
Low levels of testosterone may also be caused by a decreased production of another hormone, dihydrotestosterone or DHT, in your body. Low levels of DHT have been found to cause reduced amounts of testosterone in male mammals, particularly rats. Testosterone is primarily made by the testes, so any reduction in its production in your body may contribute to your symptoms.
It’s important to note that symptoms of low testosterone levels are often similar to symptoms of other disorders. Testosterone deficiencies can lead to muscle weakness, loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, and other problems. If you experience symptoms of low testosterone levels, consult your doctor for more information. You may need to take testosterone supplements in order to achieve desired levels of the hormone.