Testosterone Deficiency – What Are The Causes Of This Disease And How Can It Be Treated?
Testosterone is the main male sex hormone responsible for mating and producing sperms during puberty. In male human beings, testosterone plays a critical role in the generation of male sexual organs including male prostate and testes and also promoting the growth of pubic hair, muscle mass and body hair. Testosterone production slows down with age, which in turn causes decreased libido and sexual performance. The primary cause of this is reduced levels of testosterone in the body. Testosterone replacement therapy has been used to counter these problems.
As we know, the primary function of the testes is to produce testosterone, which is responsible for sexuality, body building and muscle growth. Testosterone production in the testicles can be stimulated either through local application of the hormone or external stimulation. External stimulation usually involves the use of an injection of testosterone, which is then absorbed by the body in small amounts. While this method works reasonably well in younger men, where the production of testosterone may be normal, with increasing age, the testosterone levels in older men becomes lower. This is why testosterone replacement therapy has been used for older men.
Testosterone replacement therapy can be used as an aid to overcome the deficiencies or abnormalities, which cause the decrease in normal testosterone levels in older men. Among men, the reduction in normal testosterone levels is mainly due to the loss of muscle mass. Muscle mass is the main contributor to normal testosterone levels. As muscles are the major source of testosterone, the treatment with testosterone therapy may help in overcoming these shortcomings.
Among men, another major cause of testosterone deficiency is malfunction of the pituitary gland. This gland, located near the brain, produces the primary secretion of testosterone. The functioning of the pituitary gland is closely associated with the production of sperm. When the pituitary gland fails to produce sufficient amount of testosterone, the sperm production in the male reproductive system ceases.
The primary treatments under testosterone therapy include injections of testosterone. Injections of testosterone, if taken daily, can increase the levels of this hormone substantially within a few months. These injections stimulate the testes, which start producing testosterone again. However, these injections are accompanied by side effects like acne, hair loss, hair graying and weight gain. As a result, the popularity of this method is declining. Apart from these, localized blood transfusion for some men is also quite popular.
In addition, there are some alternative methods of increasing testosterone levels. It includes using herbs, dietary supplements and regular physical workouts. Among them, herb based testosterone supplements seem to be the best. Herbs like tongkat Ali, ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera), muira puama, tribulus terrestris and safed musli have been proved to boost sex drive and improve strength of the bones. Some of these herbs are very useful in increasing body fluids like testosterone, while others are good for improving muscle strength and improving bone strength.
It is important to note that not all people, who take testosterone therapy, show symptoms of testosterone deficiency. In fact, there are some people who do not show any symptoms at all. As a matter of fact, in such cases, the pituitary gland fails to release a sufficient amount of hormone, which results in reduced sperm count and reduced sperm motility. In such cases, it is always advisable to consult a doctor. Before starting on testosterone therapy, you should make sure that your hormonal imbalance has not been due to some other medical condition.
A recent study has shown that 30% of the men affected by pituitary gland cancer, have abnormally low testosterone levels. Therefore, testosterone deficiency should be given more importance than it is given. The best way to treat this is through natural testosterone supplements.